Adsorption of Butyl Acetate on Mercury Electrode and Its Effect on Electroreduction of Zn Cations

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Title:Adsorption of Butyl Acetate on Mercury Electrode and Its Effect on Electroreduction of Zn Cations
Creators:
Gugała, Dorota
Sieńko, Dorota
Saba, Jadwiga
Journal or Publication Title:
Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications, 66, 3, pp. 411-422
Uncontrolled Keywords:Zinc, Mercury electrode, Adsorption, Polarography, Butyl acetate, Electrochemistry

Abstract

Adsorption of butyl acetate on the mercury electrode in 1 M, 0.5 M or 0.1 M NaClO<sub>4</sub> is described. Differential capacity curves obtained in these solutions for various butyl acetate concentrations point to the strongest decrease in capacity in 0.1 M NaClO<sub>4</sub> for the smallest concentration of the ester tested. At the same time the heights of desorption peaks in the solutions tested decrease in the following order: 1 M &gt; 0.5 M &gt; 0.1 M NaClO<sub>4</sub>. The obtained results show dynamic competitive adsorption in the ClO<sub>4</sub><sup>-</sup>-H<sub>2</sub>O-ester system. In all the systems studied the zero charge potential values determined with a streaming electrode are shifted towards positive potential with increasing ester concentration. These results suggest that the polar molecule of the ester adsorbs on the mercury electrode with its hydrophobic end while hydrophilic ester group is directed towards the solution. The values of the relative surface excess obtained in the range of potentials where the strong adsorption occurs, virtually do not depend on the base electrolyte concentration. The values of the Gibbs energy of adsorption ∆<i>G</i><sup>0</sup> determined from the Frumkin isotherm have also similar values at base concentrations of the electrolyte tested. The values of interaction constant <i>A</i> are radically different: the adsorbed molecules undergo repulsive force in 1 M NaClO<sub>4</sub>, whereas in 0.5 M and 0.1&nbsp;M NaClO<sub>4</sub> they are under weak attraction. In the range of more negative potentials, the adsorption layer was investigated following the kinetics of the reduction of Zn<sup>++</sup> as a pilot ion. It was stated that the concentration of the base electrolyte fundamentally affects the process: the inhibition of butyl acetate decreases in the order 1 M &gt; 0.5 M &gt; 0.1 M NaClO<sub>4</sub>. <p>

Title:Adsorption of Butyl Acetate on Mercury Electrode and Its Effect on Electroreduction of Zn Cations
Creators:
Gugała, Dorota
Sieńko, Dorota
Saba, Jadwiga
Uncontrolled Keywords:Zinc, Mercury electrode, Adsorption, Polarography, Butyl acetate, Electrochemistry
Divisions:Life and Chemical Sciences > Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry > Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications
Journal or Publication Title:Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications
Volume:66
Number:3
Page Range:pp. 411-422
ISSN:0010-0765
E-ISSN:1212-6950
Publisher:Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://dx.doi.org/10.1135/cccc20010411UNSPECIFIED
ID Code:1797
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:06 Feb 2009 17:12
Last Modified:06 Feb 2009 16:12

Citation

Gugała, Dorota; Sieńko, Dorota; Saba, Jadwiga (2001) Adsorption of Butyl Acetate on Mercury Electrode and Its Effect on Electroreduction of Zn Cations. Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications, 66 (3). pp. 411-422. ISSN 0010-0765

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