Mass Fragmentography of Cortisol and Cortisone: Preliminary Studies on the Development of a Reference Method

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Title:Mass Fragmentography of Cortisol and Cortisone: Preliminary Studies on the Development of a Reference Method
Creators:
Makin, Hugh L. J.
Trafford, David J. H.
Taylor, Norman F.
Journal or Publication Title:
Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications, 67, 1, pp. 1-9
Uncontrolled Keywords:Mass spectrometry, Analytical methods, Steroids, GC-MS, Glucocorticoid hormones

Abstract

Cortisol and cortisone are the two main glucocorticoids found in human plasma. Cortisol is commonly measured as a means of assessing adrenal function, usually by immunoassay, but such procedures must be subject to proper quality control which ideally uses analyte target values measured by isotope dilution mass fragmentography (GC-MS). Three derivatives of these steroids have been investigated for their chromatographic and mass spectral characteristics in order to develop a simple and rapid GC-MS method for this purpose. Trimethylsilyl ether-<i>O</i>-methyloxime derivatives gave poor sensitivity and the <i>syn</i>- and <i>anti</i>-isomers were resolved into two peaks. Cyclic methylboronate-<i>O</i>-methyloxime derivatives gave excellent sensitivity but were difficult to prepare, occasionally giving rise, by some unknown mechanism, to 11-oxidation of cortisol. The underivatised 11-hydroxyl of this derivative of cortisol also gave rise to chromatographic problems. Enol-trimethylsilyl ethers however were easy to prepare and gave excellent sensitivity (10-17 times that achieved with the trimethylsilyl ether-<i>O</i>-methyloxime derivatives). Straight line calibration graphs were obtained and the method gave clean traces allowing high specificity and sensitive measurement of cortisol and cortisone in human plasma using tri-deuterated cortisol as an internal standard. <p>

Title:Mass Fragmentography of Cortisol and Cortisone: Preliminary Studies on the Development of a Reference Method
Creators:
Makin, Hugh L. J.
Trafford, David J. H.
Taylor, Norman F.
Uncontrolled Keywords:Mass spectrometry, Analytical methods, Steroids, GC-MS, Glucocorticoid hormones
Divisions:Life and Chemical Sciences > Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry > Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications
Journal or Publication Title:Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications
Volume:67
Number:1
Page Range:pp. 1-9
ISSN:0010-0765
E-ISSN:1212-6950
Publisher:Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://dx.doi.org/10.1135/cccc20020001UNSPECIFIED
ID Code:1900
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:06 Feb 2009 17:13
Last Modified:06 Feb 2009 16:13

Citation

Makin, Hugh L. J.; Trafford, David J. H.; Taylor, Norman F. (2002) Mass Fragmentography of Cortisol and Cortisone: Preliminary Studies on the Development of a Reference Method. Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications, 67 (1). pp. 1-9. ISSN 0010-0765

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