Thermal Decomposition of Li(NTO)·2H2O and Na(NTO)·H2O (NTO = Anion of 3-Nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one): Kinetics Derived from T-jump/FTIR Spectroscopy

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Title:Thermal Decomposition of Li(NTO)·2H2O and Na(NTO)·H2O (NTO = Anion of 3-Nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one): Kinetics Derived from T-jump/FTIR Spectroscopy
Creators:
Sun, Yuanhua
Zhang, Tonglai
Zhang, Jianguo
Qiao, Xiaojing
Yang, Li
Zheng, Hong
Journal or Publication Title:
Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications, 71, 1, pp. 129-137
Uncontrolled Keywords:3-Nitrotriazolonates, Kinetics, Explosives, Triazoles, Lithium, Flash pyrolysis, Decomposition, T-jump/FTIR spectroscopy, Sodium

Abstract

A "snapshot" simulation of the surface reaction zone is captured by a thin film of material heated rapidly to temperatures characteristic of the burning surface by using the T-jump/FTIR spectroscopy. The time-to-exotherm (<i>t</i><sub>x</sub>) kinetics method derived from the control voltage trace of the Pt filament can be introduced to resolve the kinetics of an energetic material owing to its high sensitivity to the thermochemical reactions. The kinetic parameters of the two title compounds are determined under different pressures. The results show that Li(NTO)·2H<sub>2</sub>O and Na(NTO)·H<sub>2</sub>O (NTO = anion of 3-nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one) exhibit weak pressure dependence, their decomposition is dominated by the condensed phase chemistry irrespective of the pressure in the 0.1-1.1 MPa range. The values of <i>E</i><sub>a</sub> determined here are smaller than those given by a traditional non-isothermal differential scanning colorimetry (DSC) method, which might be resembled as the surface of explosion more closely and enabled the pyrolysis surface to be incorporated into models of steady and possibly unsteady combustion. The kinetics can also be successfully used to understand the behavior of the energetic material in practical combustion problems. <p>

Title:Thermal Decomposition of Li(NTO)·2H2O and Na(NTO)·H2O (NTO = Anion of 3-Nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one): Kinetics Derived from T-jump/FTIR Spectroscopy
Creators:
Sun, Yuanhua
Zhang, Tonglai
Zhang, Jianguo
Qiao, Xiaojing
Yang, Li
Zheng, Hong
Uncontrolled Keywords:3-Nitrotriazolonates, Kinetics, Explosives, Triazoles, Lithium, Flash pyrolysis, Decomposition, T-jump/FTIR spectroscopy, Sodium
Divisions:Life and Chemical Sciences > Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry > Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications
Journal or Publication Title:Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications
Volume:71
Number:1
Page Range:pp. 129-137
ISSN:0010-0765
E-ISSN:1212-6950
Publisher:Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://dx.doi.org/10.1135/cccc20060129UNSPECIFIED
ID Code:2468
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:06 Feb 2009 17:18
Last Modified:06 Feb 2009 16:19

Citation

Sun, Yuanhua; Zhang, Tonglai; Zhang, Jianguo; Qiao, Xiaojing; Yang, Li; Zheng, Hong (2006) Thermal Decomposition of Li(NTO)·2H2O and Na(NTO)·H2O (NTO = Anion of 3-Nitro-1,2,4-triazol-5-one): Kinetics Derived from T-jump/FTIR Spectroscopy. Collection of Czechoslovak Chemical Communications, 71 (1). pp. 129-137. ISSN 0010-0765

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