Pasivum v češtině

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Title:Pasivum v češtině
Creators:
Karlík, Petr; pkarlik at phil dot muni dot cz; Ústav českého jazyka FF MU, Arna Nováka 1, Brno, 602 00
Journal or Publication Title:
Slovo a slovesnost, 65, 2, pp. 83-113

Abstract

Analysis of Czech data within the theoretical framework of Modified Valency Theory (Karlík, 2000) shows that the syntactic derivation of passive voice proceeds in two phases. The first phase, which I call (A), can be referred to as deagentization. Given the passive morphology of a verb, A-1 (i.e. the subject or external argument of the verb) is blocked. When the verb is transitive, A-2 (i.e. the object or the internal argument of the verb) enters the caseless subject position “e” of a verb with passive morphology, i.e. the -n-/-t- participle in Czech. The resulting structures are sometimes called syntactically ergative, as shown by ‘PROA-1 chválit NPaccA-2 --> e(i)A-2 chválen-Ø/-a/-o t(i)’, as opposed to lexically ergative, as illustrated in the example ‘PROA-2 blednout’. The second phase, which I call (B), can be referred to as raising. For transitive verbs, this is the movement of A-2 from the subject position “e” of a verb with passive morphology, where it fails to receive a case, into the subject position of the verb být, ‘to be’. The verb ‘to be’ does not assign a Θ-role, however, in this position, A-2 can obtain case and thus be lexically realized: Petr(i)A-2 je e(i) chválen t(i). In the description of the passive voice, it is necessary to distinguish expressions with deverbal adjectives because these are produced through a single phase. Deverbal adjectives are generated earlier in the lexicon.

Official URL: http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/issuedetails.aspx?issueid=031F91A5-E6C6-4669-8099-018E0D77C795&articleid=D5054BFD-E325-4FAF-8AE1-635D230DDBC9

Title:Pasivum v češtině
Translated title:The passive voice in Czech
Creators:
Karlík, Petr; pkarlik at phil dot muni dot cz; Ústav českého jazyka FF MU, Arna Nováka 1, Brno, 602 00
Subjects:P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of the Czech Language > Slovo a slovesnost
Journal or Publication Title:Slovo a slovesnost
Volume:65
Number:2
Page Range:pp. 83-113
ISSN:0037-7031
Publisher:Czech Language Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
ID Code:2795
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:04 Sep 2008 20:32
Last Modified:04 Sep 2008 18:32

Citation

Karlík, Petr (2004) Pasivum v češtině. Slovo a slovesnost, 65 (2). pp. 83-113. ISSN 0037-7031

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