Afázie jako zdroj poznatků o fungování jazyka

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Title:Afázie jako zdroj poznatků o fungování jazyka
Creators:
Lehečková, Helena; helena dot leheckova at helsinki dot fi; University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Journal or Publication Title:
Slovo a slovesnost, 70, 1, pp. 23-36
Uncontrolled Keywords:aphasia, agrammatism, typology

Abstract

The evidence concerning the neurophysiological organization of language can be obtained only indirectly, with one of the most important sources being aphasia. In this paper, I present some results from my long-term neurolinguistic research. First, I survey the manifestation of aphasia in different languages and offer a linguistic interpretation of these data. I argue that it is the typological character of the language which influences the symptoms. My cross-linguistic study showed that the decisive factors for evaluating aphasia in a language are: (a) the number of grammatical words; (b) the way in which grammatical morphemes are connected to the stem; (c) the extent of paradigms. I then focus on the grammatical errors in the spontaneous speech of Czech aphasics and discuss: (1) the distribution of errors among grammatical categories; (2) the hierarchy of forms within each category. Finally, I present a synthesis of the morpho-syntactic aphasic symptoms in Czech. The aim of my work is not only to describe aphasia, but also to shed some light on the functioning of language under aggravated conditions.

Official URL: http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/issuedetails.aspx?issueid=1DE44E6D-70C0-49F6-BC46-3A4AC769F9E8&articleid=90E475FC-1774-4A3C-9026-11BF027ADBBF

Title:Afázie jako zdroj poznatků o fungování jazyka
Translated title:Aphasia as a source of knowledge regarding the functioning of language
Creators:
Lehečková, Helena; helena dot leheckova at helsinki dot fi; University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Uncontrolled Keywords:aphasia, agrammatism, typology
Subjects:P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of the Czech Language > Slovo a slovesnost
Journal or Publication Title:Slovo a slovesnost
Volume:70
Number:1
Page Range:pp. 23-36
ISSN:0037-7031
Publisher:Czech Language Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/82Publisher
ID Code:4130
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:18 Mar 2009 17:31
Last Modified:18 Mar 2009 16:31

Citation

Lehečková, Helena (2009) Afázie jako zdroj poznatků o fungování jazyka. Slovo a slovesnost, 70 (1). pp. 23-36. ISSN 0037-7031

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