Lexikální sémantika neurčitých kvantifikátorů v současné češtině

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Title:Lexikální sémantika neurčitých kvantifikátorů v současné češtině
Creators:
Veselý, Vojtěch; vvesely at ujc dot cas dot cz; Ústav pro jazyk český AV ČR, Letenská 4, Praha 1, 118 51, Czech Republic
Journal or Publication Title:
Slovo a slovesnost, 70, 3, pp. 175-193
Uncontrolled Keywords:indefinite quantification, autosemantic quantifier, synsemantic quantifier, basis of indefinite quantification, implied quantum, verbalized quantum

Abstract

An indefinite quantifier always determines the quantum and usually also assesses it. It quantifies both substances and attributes. The assessment has a binary structure which is formed through a basis of quantification and a quantum that is denoted. This quantum is compared with the basis and assessed as small or large. There are four types of basis: (1) a quantum perceived by the speaker as standard in a certain communication situation (mnoho, trochu, velmi, etc.); (2) a quantum perceived by the speaker as the smallest or the largest desirable one in a certain communication situation (příliš, dost in some contexts); (3) a quantum separating the realization of some process from its non-realization (příliš, dost in some contexts); (4) a quantum which is expressed in the sentence and characterized as potentially invalid (přinejmenším, téměř, etc.). The first three types correspond to autosemantic quantifiers (traditionally nouns, adjectives, numerals and adverbs), the fourth type to synsemantic quantifiers (particles). The synsemantic quantifiers require combination with an autosemantic expression which determines the value of the basis of quantification.

Official URL: http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/issuedetails.aspx?issueid=1CDFF7C3-BF08-4AD5-8A63-1EB31F2BFA95&articleid=C9A4CE79-4904-4081-9995-8649D754988E

Title:Lexikální sémantika neurčitých kvantifikátorů v současné češtině
Translated title:The lexical semantics of indefinite quantifiers in contemporary Czech
Creators:
Veselý, Vojtěch; vvesely at ujc dot cas dot cz; Ústav pro jazyk český AV ČR, Letenská 4, Praha 1, 118 51, Czech Republic
Uncontrolled Keywords:indefinite quantification, autosemantic quantifier, synsemantic quantifier, basis of indefinite quantification, implied quantum, verbalized quantum
Subjects:P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of the Czech Language > Slovo a slovesnost
Journal or Publication Title:Slovo a slovesnost
Volume:70
Number:3
Page Range:pp. 175-193
ISSN:0037-7031
Publisher:Czech Language Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/82Publisher
ID Code:4463
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:27 Aug 2009 13:13
Last Modified:07 Dec 2012 10:19

Citation

Veselý, Vojtěch (2009) Lexikální sémantika neurčitých kvantifikátorů v současné češtině. Slovo a slovesnost, 70 (3). pp. 175-193. ISSN 0037-7031

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