Lokál singuláru tvrdých neživotných maskulin (ve vlaku vs. v potoce): úzus a gramatičnost

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Title:Lokál singuláru tvrdých neživotných maskulin (ve vlaku vs. v potoce): úzus a gramatičnost
Creators:
Štícha, František; sticha at ujc dot cas dot cz; ÚJČ AV ČR, Letenská 4, Praha 1, 118 51, Czech Republic
Journal or Publication Title:
Slovo a slovesnost, 70, 3, pp. 193-221
Uncontrolled Keywords:criteria of grammaticality, usage, functionality, frequency, ending, inanimate hard masculine noun

Abstract

Approximately 6000 inanimate appellative masculine nouns in the locative singular case are used in contemporary written Czech. About 400 of these nouns use both the -u and the -ě/-e ending. In about 200 nouns the two variant endings occur in a frequency equilibrium or the historical primary -ě/-e prevails. The nouns which end with the -h, -g, -f consonants use only the -u ending without exception. The nouns that end with -k, -ch, -r, i.e. the consonants that alternate with -č, -š, -ř, and also the nouns ending with -p, -b, -m, which do not alternate, use only the -u ending as a norm, with only a very few exceptions found in standard written Czech. If the frequency and the historical progress of the -u ending are considered, the -ě/-e ending in some exceptional uses in nouns ending in -k, -ch, -r; -p, -b, -m can be regarded ungrammatical. The grammatical -ě/-e ending is used alternatively, or in rare cases, exclusively, with a considerable number of those nouns which end with -d, -t, -n, but mainly with -s, -z, -l.

Official URL: http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/issuedetails.aspx?issueid=1CDFF7C3-BF08-4AD5-8A63-1EB31F2BFA95&articleid=5063FB48-2767-4783-9BDA-E479FEAC6105

Title:Lokál singuláru tvrdých neživotných maskulin (ve vlaku vs. v potoce): úzus a gramatičnost
Translated title:The locative singular case of hard inanimate masculine nouns (ve vlaku vs. v potoce): usage and grammaticality
Creators:
Štícha, František; sticha at ujc dot cas dot cz; ÚJČ AV ČR, Letenská 4, Praha 1, 118 51, Czech Republic
Uncontrolled Keywords:criteria of grammaticality, usage, functionality, frequency, ending, inanimate hard masculine noun
Subjects:P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of the Czech Language > Slovo a slovesnost
Journal or Publication Title:Slovo a slovesnost
Volume:70
Number:3
Page Range:pp. 193-221
ISSN:0037-7031
Publisher:Czech Language Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/82Publisher
ID Code:4464
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:27 Aug 2009 13:13
Last Modified:07 Dec 2012 10:19

Citation

Štícha, František (2009) Lokál singuláru tvrdých neživotných maskulin (ve vlaku vs. v potoce): úzus a gramatičnost. Slovo a slovesnost, 70 (3). pp. 193-221. ISSN 0037-7031

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