Regulace vesnického osídlení a krajiny ve středověké a novověké severní Evropě

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Title:Regulace vesnického osídlení a krajiny ve středověké a novověké severní Evropě
Creators:
Dohnal, Martin; mdohnal at centrum dot cz; Etnologický ústav AV ČR, v.v.i., Na Florenci 3, 110 00 Praha 1
Journal or Publication Title:
Český lid : Etnologický časopis, 96, 3, pp. 279-308
Uncontrolled Keywords:Villages, Historical geography, Scandinavia, Middle Ages, Land settlement, Landscape

Abstract

The paper is aimed at regulated medieval settlements in Scandinavia (named mostly, although not always correctly solskifte). These systems comprehend green villages and row villages as well as regular chessboard-like field arrangements. In these systems each farmer had strips in each furlong. The location of his strip within the furlong was constant in relation to that of other farmers and was determined according to the sequence of houses in the village, counting with reference to the apparent course of the sun across the sky and beginning mostly in the south and east. Widths of the house plots were proportional to fiscal assessment of their farmsteads. For further description of those concepts see English references. Recent research in the Czech Republic revealed signs of applying similar planning principles. This is especially the case of the village of Nová Lhota, founded probably in the first half of the 16th century. Ordering of field strips mirror here the sequence of house plots in the village. Better understanding of genetic links between Scandinavian concepts of medieval landscape planning concepts and similar principles found in central Europe is thus the major task of future research.

Official URL: http://www.eu.cas.cz/

Title:Regulace vesnického osídlení a krajiny ve středověké a novověké severní Evropě
Translated title:Village and Landscape Arrangement in Medieval and Early Modern Northern Europe
Creators:
Dohnal, Martin; mdohnal at centrum dot cz; Etnologický ústav AV ČR, v.v.i., Na Florenci 3, 110 00 Praha 1
Uncontrolled Keywords:Villages, Historical geography, Scandinavia, Middle Ages, Land settlement, Landscape
Subjects:S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GF Human ecology. Anthropogeography
D History General and Old World > DL Northern Europe. Scandinavia
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of Ethnology > Český lid (Ethnological journal)
Journal or Publication Title:Český lid : Etnologický časopis
Volume:96
Number:3
Page Range:pp. 279-308
ISSN:0009-0794
Publisher:Etnologický ústav AV ČR, v.v.i.
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/24UNSPECIFIED
ID Code:4575
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:12 Oct 2009 12:46
Last Modified:12 Oct 2009 12:46

Citation

Dohnal, Martin (2009) Regulace vesnického osídlení a krajiny ve středověké a novověké severní Evropě. Český lid : Etnologický časopis, 96 (3). pp. 279-308. ISSN 0009-0794

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