Claude Lévi-Strauss a problém tzv. synchronického času

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Title:Claude Lévi-Strauss a problém tzv. synchronického času
Creators:
Šubrt, Jiří; jiri dot subrt at ff dot cuni dot cz; Katedra sociologie Filozofické fakulty UK, Celetná 20, 116 42 Praha 1, Česká republika
Journal or Publication Title:
Teorie vědy / Theory of Science, 31, 1, pp. 49-63
Uncontrolled Keywords:structuralism; time; synchronicity/diachronicity; cold/hot societies; reversible/irreversible; ritual

Abstract

In societies described as “cold” by Claude Lévi-Strauss, the historical dimension is coded into myths, traditions and rituals. Lévi-Strauss says that ritual is an “instrument for the destruction of time”. The key to the author’s idea of the opposition of synchronicity and diachronicity is found in his work The Savage Mind, in which he talks about a never-ending struggle between these two which initiates totemic thinking. In current sociology, Levi-Strauss’ concept of reversible time is utilised by Anthony Giddens, who adapts it in his structuration theory. However the concept of synchronous (structuralist) reversible time is simultaneously the subject of a critique from the perspectives of cultural anthropology (Alfred Gell) and sociology (Barbara Adam). At the article’s conclusion, the argument is made that when Lévi-Strauss talks about cold societies, which tend to banish history from the consciousness, it doesn’t mean that he is trying to over rule the laws of logic or physics (as he is accused by Gell) but at tempting to see the world through the eyes of a specific type of society and to understand time from the perspective of a “native”.

Official URL: http://teorievedy.flu.cas.cz

Title:Claude Lévi-Strauss a problém tzv. synchronického času
Translated title:Claude Lévi-Strauss and the Problem of "Synchronic Time"
Creators:
Šubrt, Jiří; jiri dot subrt at ff dot cuni dot cz; Katedra sociologie Filozofické fakulty UK, Celetná 20, 116 42 Praha 1, Česká republika
Uncontrolled Keywords:structuralism; time; synchronicity/diachronicity; cold/hot societies; reversible/irreversible; ritual
Subjects:B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of Philosophy > Teorie vědy (Theory of Science)
Journal or Publication Title:Teorie vědy / Theory of Science
Volume:31
Number:1
Page Range:pp. 49-63
ISSN:1210-0250
Publisher:Kabinet pro studium vědy, techniky a společnosti při Filosofickém ústavu Akademie věd České republiky
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://teorievedy.flu.cas.cz/index.php/tv/article/view/25UNSPECIFIED
ID Code:4846
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:11 Jun 2010 10:19
Last Modified:11 Jun 2010 10:19

Citation

Šubrt, Jiří (2009) Claude Lévi-Strauss a problém tzv. synchronického času. Teorie vědy / Theory of Science, 31 (1). pp. 49-63. ISSN 1210-0250

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