Lévi-Strauss a směna

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Title:Lévi-Strauss a směna
Creators:
Sosna, Daniel ; dsosna at ksa dot zcu dot cz; Katedra antropologických a historických věd, Fakulta filozofická, Západočeská univerzita v Plzni, Sedláčkova 15, 306 14, Plzeň, Česká republika
Kotalová, Jitka ; kotalova at ksa dot zcu dot cz; Katedra antropologických a historických věd, Fakulta filozofická, Západočeská univerzita v Plzni, Sedláčkova 15, 306 14, Plzeň, Česká republika
Journal or Publication Title:
Teorie vědy / Theory of Science, 31, 1, pp. 65-90
Uncontrolled Keywords:evolution; gender; history; kinship; structuralism

Abstract

This review article focuses on two aspects of Lévi-Strauss’ ex change theory: temporal dimension and gender. First, we examine its diachronic dimension to argue that Lévi-Strauss’ exchange theory is far from being static. Its primary interest is evolutionary, regardless of how much Lévi-Strauss distances himself from evolutionism of the 19th century as a paradigm. His analyses of kinship that attempt to identify elementary structures are meant to shed light on the origins of human culture. Although Lévi-Strauss uses different methodology than other scholars interested in socio-cultural evolution, his treatment of the term homology, discussions of primatology and origins of culture suggest his deep interest in long-term process. Second, we examine the critiques of Lévi-Strauss’ analytical treatment of women as passive objects of exchange among men. Through the discussion of feminine agency, personhood, sexuality, and other forms of exchange of human beings, we argue that Lévi-Strauss’ exchange of women has to be understood in its historical context. He grants only limited agency to women but his approach is definitely not based on commodification of women. In contrast, the relational nature of persons as signs refutes such logic. We conclude that Lévi- Strauss is still a source of inspiration for anthropology regardless of the decades of post-structuralist criticism.

Official URL: http://teorievedy.flu.cas.cz

Title:Lévi-Strauss a směna
Translated title:Lévi-Strauss and Exchange
Creators:
Sosna, Daniel ; dsosna at ksa dot zcu dot cz; Katedra antropologických a historických věd, Fakulta filozofická, Západočeská univerzita v Plzni, Sedláčkova 15, 306 14, Plzeň, Česká republika
Kotalová, Jitka ; kotalova at ksa dot zcu dot cz; Katedra antropologických a historických věd, Fakulta filozofická, Západočeská univerzita v Plzni, Sedláčkova 15, 306 14, Plzeň, Česká republika
Uncontrolled Keywords:evolution; gender; history; kinship; structuralism
Subjects:B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of Philosophy > Teorie vědy (Theory of Science)
Journal or Publication Title:Teorie vědy / Theory of Science
Volume:31
Number:1
Page Range:pp. 65-90
ISSN:1210-0250
Publisher:Kabinet pro studium vědy, techniky a společnosti při Filosofickém ústavu Akademie věd České republiky
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://teorievedy.flu.cas.cz/index.php/tv/article/view/21UNSPECIFIED
ID Code:4847
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:11 Jun 2010 10:19
Last Modified:11 Jun 2010 10:19

Citation

Sosna, Daniel; Kotalová, Jitka (2009) Lévi-Strauss a směna. Teorie vědy / Theory of Science, 31 (1). pp. 65-90. ISSN 1210-0250

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