O historii, teorii a modelech jazykového plánování

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Title:O historii, teorii a modelech jazykového plánování
Creators:
Nekvapil, Jiří; jiri dot nekvapil at ff dot cuni dot cz; Ústav lingv. a ugrofin. FF UK, nám. Jana Palacha 2, Praha, 116 38, Czech Republic
Journal or Publication Title:
Slovo a slovesnost, 71, 1, pp. 53-74
Uncontrolled Keywords:language planning, European national movements, Prague School, “Reversing Language Shift” model, Language Management Theory, Einar Haugen, Joshua Fishman, J. V. Neustupný

Abstract

The aim of this contribution is to present the development of language planning from the perspective of the central current of western sociolinguistics, i.e. sociolinguistics from the Anglo-American world, in which the concept of language planning was born (as surprising as this statement may be for researchers from post-communist countries). Following Neustupný (2006), I distinguish between four historical types of language planning: “pre-modern”, “early modern”, “modern” and “post-modern”. More or less developed theories of language planning are also characteristic for these types. Language planning as an academic discipline has existed for about fifty years and at least two periods can be distinguished within it: “classic language planning” of the 1960s and 1970s, oriented above all toward the modernization of so-called third world countries, and the newer “ecology paradigm”, emerging from the critique of the previous period and supporting the plurality and diversity of languages in the spirit of postmodernism. I devote particular attention to the “Reversing Language Shift” model (Fishman, 1991), the “Catherine Wheel” model (Strubell, 1999) and Language Management Theory (Jernudd – Neustupný, 1987). The last of these theories places language planning in a broader communicative and sociocultural context than the previous theories of language planning, and it can be expected that, due to its constructive features, its significance will grow.

Official URL: http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/issuedetails.aspx?issueid=7C7B90AD-CA7A-458D-9ECF-A5F9AC74F5D9&articleid=7E343698-0A41-4C17-9F10-053AB11726FE

Title:O historii, teorii a modelech jazykového plánování
Translated title:On the history, theory and models of language planning
Creators:
Nekvapil, Jiří; jiri dot nekvapil at ff dot cuni dot cz; Ústav lingv. a ugrofin. FF UK, nám. Jana Palacha 2, Praha, 116 38, Czech Republic
Uncontrolled Keywords:language planning, European national movements, Prague School, “Reversing Language Shift” model, Language Management Theory, Einar Haugen, Joshua Fishman, J. V. Neustupný
Subjects:P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of the Czech Language > Slovo a slovesnost
Journal or Publication Title:Slovo a slovesnost
Volume:71
Number:1
Page Range:pp. 53-74
ISSN:0037-7031
Publisher:Czech Language Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/82Publisher
ID Code:5420
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:12 May 2010 17:29
Last Modified:17 Feb 2012 15:35

Citation

Nekvapil, Jiří (2010) O historii, teorii a modelech jazykového plánování. Slovo a slovesnost, 71 (1). pp. 53-74. ISSN 0037-7031

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