Gibt es onymische Hinweise auf vordeutschen Bergbau im Grossraum von Schwaz?

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Title:Gibt es onymische Hinweise auf vordeutschen Bergbau im Grossraum von Schwaz?
Creators:
Anreiter, Peter; Innsbruck, Germany
Journal or Publication Title:
Acta Onomastica, 50, 1, pp. 7-49
Uncontrolled Keywords:onomastics, toponyms

Abstract

It is due to the Austrian „Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung“, that the Special Research Programme HiMAT has been established at the University of Innsbruck. Its aim is the research of the history of mining in the Tyrol and its adjacent regions on a multi- and interdisciplinary way, in a scientific “network”. Among others onomastic science is a single discipline in this wide-range spectre of research as onomastic indicators can be important evidence for the (earlier) mining activities. Schwaz is the name of a town in the so-called lower Inn valley in the Austrian Tyrol. Already in prehistoric time copper-mining was pursued in the surroundings of Schwaz, more important, however, was the later silver mining. Schwaz, the ‚mother of all mines‘, was one of the biggest mining centres in Central Europe in the 15th and 16th centuries. In this time the language spoken was a late mediaeval or Early-Modern German and several German names still remind of the mining not only in the town of miners itself but also in the surroundings. One can compare the (etymologically transparent) names: Arzberg (← Arz ‚ore” < MHG erze, arze, ërze < OHG aruz/aruzzi/arizzi), Schwader Eisenstein (← Eisen ‚iron‘ < MHG īsen), Klocker (the family name is already attested in Vomp in 1427 and in Schwaz in 1534, derived from the old profession “one who breaks out the ore” ← MHG klocken ‚break‘ < OHG klokkōn ‚beat, break, stamp, knock‘), Sponring (originally a name of a farm) a nick-name for a smith, as well as Schlagger (place-name in Wattens; ← Schlågg [bzw. Schlågg§] ‚slag‘), and Knappenhof (name of a solitude farm) and Knappenhüttl (both in the community of Vomp), which are motivated by miners (compare MHG knappe ‚miner‘) and many more. All these names are of German origin as already stated, and now the question rises if names of an older linguistic layer and connected to mining can be found in the region of Schwaz. According to our intensive onomastic research this question, however, has to be answered in the negative.

Official URL: http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/issuedetails.aspx?issueid=C02541DD-E42D-4A6C-B0A8-59DFE1349786&articleid=6F083ABE-7021-4D1C-8224-FDF046EBAEC5

Title:Gibt es onymische Hinweise auf vordeutschen Bergbau im Grossraum von Schwaz?
Translated title:Are There Any Pre-German Names in the Area of Schwaz Pointing to Mining Activities?
Creators:
Anreiter, Peter; Innsbruck, Germany
Uncontrolled Keywords:onomastics, toponyms
Subjects:P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of the Czech Language > Acta Onomastica
Journal or Publication Title:Acta Onomastica
Volume:50
Number:1
Page Range:pp. 7-49
ISSN:1211-4413
Publisher:the Czech Language Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, v. v. i.
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/3Publisher
ID Code:5551
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:21 May 2010 11:32
Last Modified:08 Aug 2013 14:52

Citation

Anreiter, Peter (2009) Gibt es onymische Hinweise auf vordeutschen Bergbau im Grossraum von Schwaz? Acta Onomastica, 50 (1). pp. 7-49. ISSN 1211-4413

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