K zápasu o J. G. Herdera u nás

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Title:K zápasu o J. G. Herdera u nás
Creators:
Loužil, Jaromír
Journal or Publication Title:
Czech Literature, 53, 5, pp. 637-654
Uncontrolled Keywords:National Revival, nationalism, Slavs, Czechs, Germans, Herder, Johann Gottfried

Abstract

In the Bohemian Lands, Johann Gottlieb Herder was first mentioned in the Prager gelehrte Nachrichten in the 1770s. Pelc and Woigt, wrote there about Herder's conception of language as an expression of the national spirit. Durych informed Dobrovský in a letter of 9 May 1792 about Herder's prophecy of the glorious future of the Slavs. In Jungmann's translation, that almost became the Gospel of the Czech patriots. Soon, Herder's verse was also noticed in the Bohemian Lands, particularly when it related to Czech history. In his inaugurallecture as Professor of Czech at Vienna, in 1801, Jan Nejedlý referred to Herder's Breife zur Beförderung der Humanität (1793-97), and with Kollar's Slávy dcera (1824) the popularization of Herder's ideas came to a peak in the Bohemian Lands. Though somewhat less clearly, Herder's legacy is also visible in the works of writers such as Mácha, Neruda and Vrchlický. Interest, however, was concentrated on three areas: (1) the nation as a community of a shared origin, reflected in a shared language; (2) language as an expression of the character and philosophy of life of the nation (its 'soul'); and (3) Humanity as the metaphysical-mystical unity of all humankind ar, as the case may be, the criterion of a moral approach of individual nations towards that ideal goal. All attempts at a revival of Herder's intellectuallegacy or even its reinterpretation have always been linked with profound socio-political crises, such as World War I and World War II. The first modernization of Herderism is in the work of Tomáš G. Masaryk; the second is connected with Jan Patočka, and between the two men is the work of Emanuel Rádl.

Official URL: http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/issuedetails.aspx?issueid=57968687-680F-41CD-AD60-2F24CB093351&articleid=3D0E1CDB-9632-4D38-9A18-1E5A2DE47EF6

Title:K zápasu o J. G. Herdera u nás
Translated title:On the Czech Appropriation of Herder
Creators:
Loužil, Jaromír
Uncontrolled Keywords:National Revival, nationalism, Slavs, Czechs, Germans, Herder, Johann Gottfried
Subjects:P Language and Literature > PG Slavic, Baltic, Albanian languages and literature
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of Czech Literature > Česká literatura (Czech Literature)
Journal or Publication Title:Czech Literature
Volume:53
Number:5
Page Range:pp. 637-654
ISSN:0009-0468
Publisher:Insitute of Czech Literature, of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/20Publisher
ID Code:5588
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:24 May 2010 10:49
Last Modified:24 May 2010 08:49

Citation

Loužil, Jaromír (2005) K zápasu o J. G. Herdera u nás. Czech Literature, 53 (5). pp. 637-654. ISSN 0009-0468

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