K distribuci a funkci ingresivního významu u předponových sloves*

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Title:K distribuci a funkci ingresivního významu u předponových sloves*
Creators:
Rechzieglová, Adela; rechzieglova at seznam dot cz; ÚFAL MFF UK, Malostranské nám. 25, Praha 1, 118 00, Czech Republic
Journal or Publication Title:
Slovo a slovesnost, 71, 2, pp. 83-116
Uncontrolled Keywords:verb morphology, ingressive meaning, prefixation, semantic features as a means of classification of a verbal action

Abstract

The aim of this paper was to collect an inventory of Czech prefixed verbs with the meaning ‘to start doing something’ (ingressivity). This meaning is obtained by joining the prefixes na-, pro-, roz-, vy-, vz- and za- to lexical bases which can be characterized as action verbs. The basic distinctive feature of ingressive meaning is the contrast with the foregoing action (or non-action). This can be perceived most clearly with verbs expressing sounds (rozštěkat se ‘to start barking’) or movements (vyběhnout (na dráhu) ‘to start running on the race course’). In compliance with the prefixes, we divided 595 selected derivatives into groups, which we further differentiated into subclasses using semantic and morphological attributes of the verbs. Based on the role of the agent and the character of the action, we distinguished 3 types of ingressive meaning: 1) as in rozplakat se ‘to start crying’, 2) as in nakousnout (toust) ‘to start eating a toast’ and 3) as in rozplakat (někoho) ‘to make someone start crying’. The ingressive meaning occurs with verbs used literally as well as metaphorically. With some polysemic verbs, a certain type of complement is needed (e.g. an adverb of time) to achieve the analyzed meaning.

Official URL: http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/issuedetails.aspx?issueid=5B513F78-E571-4A5B-AD43-6FB43DCF37A9&articleid=EA240E86-CA14-4296-A3F0-19E1A5D3CF6B

Title:K distribuci a funkci ingresivního významu u předponových sloves*
Translated title:On the distribution and function of ingressive meaning in prefixed verbs
Creators:
Rechzieglová, Adela; rechzieglova at seznam dot cz; ÚFAL MFF UK, Malostranské nám. 25, Praha 1, 118 00, Czech Republic
Uncontrolled Keywords:verb morphology, ingressive meaning, prefixation, semantic features as a means of classification of a verbal action
Subjects:P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of the Czech Language > Slovo a slovesnost
Journal or Publication Title:Slovo a slovesnost
Volume:71
Number:2
Page Range:pp. 83-116
ISSN:0037-7031
Publisher:Czech Language Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/82Publisher
ID Code:5848
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:26 May 2010 11:49
Last Modified:17 Feb 2012 15:36

Citation

Rechzieglová, Adela (2010) K distribuci a funkci ingresivního významu u předponových sloves*. Slovo a slovesnost, 71 (2). pp. 83-116. ISSN 0037-7031

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