Strukturalistické myšlení

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Title:Strukturalistické myšlení
Creators:
Maniglier, Patrice; pmanig at essex dot ac dot uk; Department of Philosophy, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, CO4 3SQ, United Kingdom
Journal or Publication Title:
Teorie vědy / Theory of Science, 31, 1, pp. 9-18
Uncontrolled Keywords:structuralism; method; cultural facts; Jakobson; Trubeckoy; Lévi-Strauss

Abstract

The structuralist thought, which was at its heyday in the mid-1960s, soon became a target of criticism. However, as the article argues, at its inception, structuralism was intended more as a method rather than an all-encompassing mode of thinking. The original inspiration for structuralism came from Russian and Saussurean linguistics and, later, it was explored by Lévi-Strauss as a suitable method for anthropology and related disciplines. In this application, the emphasis is less on the structure conceived as a system of differences and more on its transformative character. Furthermore, not only the internal, but also the external relations of system are highlighted, which implies the use of comparative methods in anthropology. The possibility of studying cultural practices and symbols is enhanced when their similarities and differences are considered in terms of structures and sign-systems. The structuralist thought that denies individual agency thus appears to be a paradoxical misunderstanding of the original purpose of structuralism as a method; a science of cultural facts in their variability remains a contemporary project.

Official URL: http://teorievedy.flu.cas.cz

Title:Strukturalistické myšlení
Translated title:La pensée structuraliste
Creators:
Maniglier, Patrice; pmanig at essex dot ac dot uk; Department of Philosophy, University of Essex, Wivenhoe Park, Colchester, CO4 3SQ, United Kingdom
Uncontrolled Keywords:structuralism; method; cultural facts; Jakobson; Trubeckoy; Lévi-Strauss
Subjects:B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of Philosophy > Teorie vědy (Theory of Science)
Journal or Publication Title:Teorie vědy / Theory of Science
Volume:31
Number:1
Page Range:pp. 9-18
ISSN:1210-0250
Publisher:Kabinet pro studium vědy, techniky a společnosti při Filosofickém ústavu Akademie věd České republiky
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://teorievedy.flu.cas.cz/index.php/tv/article/view/23UNSPECIFIED
ID Code:5927
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:11 Jun 2010 10:17
Last Modified:11 Jun 2010 10:17

Citation

Maniglier, Patrice (2009) Strukturalistické myšlení. Teorie vědy / Theory of Science, 31 (1). pp. 9-18. ISSN 1210-0250

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