Why Is Sociology a Critical Science?

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Title:Why Is Sociology a Critical Science?
Creators:
Javeau, Claude; cjaveau at ulb dot ac dot be; Faculty of the Social and Political Sciences, Avenue F. D. Roosevelt 50, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
Journal or Publication Title:
Teorie vědy / Theory of Science, 31, 2, pp. 5-24
Uncontrolled Keywords:sociology; critical science; criticism; methodological privilege; scientific autonomy

Abstract

This article affirms the modern origin of sociology as a science and posits a critical posture as its fundamental component. As such, sociology is opposed to any dogmatic conception of knowledge. The critical stance has both internal and external dimension. Sociology is under the obligation to observe a constant vigilance towards the knowledge it produces. A considerable methodological privilege bestowed upon the researchers in sociology requires that they have to be capable of criticizing their conceptual tools and operational procedures. Furthermore, critical attitude consists also in questioning conditioning of results linked to the dependence arising from the subsidizing of research. These preconditions of critical posture are illustrated by consideration of the challenges of researching the so-called “school failure”. Ultimately, responsibility commands a sociologist to respect the principle of precaution. When political action is concerned, the researchers must demand that their rights of intellectual property be preserved. To criticize, in this sense, is not to denounce; nonetheless, sociology will only remain faithful to what can pass legitimately as its essence by demanding the right, against threats and seductions, to speak the truth about social reality.

Official URL: http://teorievedy.flu.cas.cz

Title:Why Is Sociology a Critical Science?
Creators:
Javeau, Claude; cjaveau at ulb dot ac dot be; Faculty of the Social and Political Sciences, Avenue F. D. Roosevelt 50, 1050 Bruxelles, Belgium
Uncontrolled Keywords:sociology; critical science; criticism; methodological privilege; scientific autonomy
Subjects:B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of Philosophy > Teorie vědy (Theory of Science)
Journal or Publication Title:Teorie vědy / Theory of Science
Volume:31
Number:2
Page Range:pp. 5-24
ISSN:1210-0250
Publisher:Kabinet pro studium vědy, techniky a společnosti při Filosofickém ústavu Akademie věd České republiky
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://teorievedy.flu.cas.cz/index.php/tv/article/view/26UNSPECIFIED
ID Code:5947
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:11 Jun 2010 22:57
Last Modified:11 Jun 2010 22:57

Citation

Javeau, Claude (2009) Why Is Sociology a Critical Science? Teorie vědy / Theory of Science, 31 (2). pp. 5-24. ISSN 1210-0250

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