The role of metonymy in Czech word-formation

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Title:The role of metonymy in Czech word-formation
Creators:
Janda, Laura A.; laura dot janda at uit dot no; HSL fakultet, Universitetet i Tromsø, Tromsø, N-9037, Norway
Journal or Publication Title:
Slovo a slovesnost, 71, 4, pp. 260-275
Uncontrolled Keywords:metonymy, word-formation, suffixation, Czech

Abstract

This article explores the role of metonymic semantic relationships in the derivation of words via suffixation in Czech. Most scholarly work on metonymy has focused on the use of one word to substitute for another word, as when we say redhead to refer to a whole person. A similar semantic relationship is present when we form a word like břicháč ‘person with a (big) belly’ from the noun břicho ‘belly’. However, scholarly work on word-formation has not explored these metonymic semantic relationships. This study analyzes a database of 562 types of suffixal formations in Czech, where each type represents a unique combination of metonymic relationship, word-class, and suffix. This analysis not only demonstrates parallels between substitutional and word-formational metonymy, but shows that the metonymic relationships in word-formation are more diverse than in substitution. Asymmetries in these relationships are also explored, showing for example that actions are generally more salient than the participants and the setting, and that parts are more salient than wholes. The design of this study can be extended to analyze the word-formation systems of other languages and thus facilitate cross-linguistic comparisons.

Official URL: http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/issuedetails.aspx?issueid=6C2AD6BA-CF97-402F-9B03-FC82F0473AA1&articleid=5D5BD8A6-E227-4DF9-95D5-E6AD67C644CD

Title:The role of metonymy in Czech word-formation
Translated title:The role of metonymy in Czech word-formation
Creators:
Janda, Laura A.; laura dot janda at uit dot no; HSL fakultet, Universitetet i Tromsø, Tromsø, N-9037, Norway
Uncontrolled Keywords:metonymy, word-formation, suffixation, Czech
Subjects:P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of the Czech Language > Slovo a slovesnost
Journal or Publication Title:Slovo a slovesnost
Volume:71
Number:4
Page Range:pp. 260-275
ISSN:0037-7031
Publisher:Czech Language Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/82Publisher
ID Code:6297
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:01 Dec 2010 14:04
Last Modified:17 Feb 2012 15:48

Citation

Janda, Laura A. (2010) The role of metonymy in Czech word-formation. Slovo a slovesnost, 71 (4). pp. 260-275. ISSN 0037-7031

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