Slovesná prefixace ve světle Langackerovy kognitivní gramatiky

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Title:Slovesná prefixace ve světle Langackerovy kognitivní gramatiky
Creators:
Lehoučková, Zuzana; z dot lehouckova at seznam dot cz; Jakobiho 325, Praha 10, 109 00, Czech Republic
Journal or Publication Title:
Slovo a slovesnost, 71, 4, pp. 340-350
Uncontrolled Keywords:cognitive linguistics, prefixation, polysemy, Ronald Langacker

Abstract

Word-formation is the “border zone” between linguistic system and linguistic usage. Langacker’s usage-based approach to language represents an attempt to describe and explain a linguistic system as a product of cognitive processes (e.g. perception, attention, categorization, memory). This paper proposes an alternative approach to the description and explanation of semantic characteristics of Czech verbal prefixes (of the prefix vy- in particular) using Langacker’s ideas as the most important theoretical basis. The variety of semantic behaviour of the Czech prefix vy- is traditionally explained as a rich polysemy of this morpheme or as a loss of its meaning. This paper supposes a multi-level system of schematic verbal concepts (linguistic units) related to the most general meaning of the prefix vy-: “schematic vy-verbs”. Each of them is an abstraction of a category of real vy-verbs. For example, the verbal category vyzuřit se, vyplakat se, vydovádět se, vypsat se, vypovídat se is represented by a schematic vy-verb “vy-V (‘vent emotions’) (se)”. These schematic verbal concepts are considered very important for the process of prefixation, especially in cases of significant semantic difference between simplex and prefixed verb. This approach should be able to identify previously unnoticed semantic relations.

Official URL: http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/issuedetails.aspx?issueid=6C2AD6BA-CF97-402F-9B03-FC82F0473AA1&articleid=FEE25FC5-2735-4A28-9377-9CF34EF9FD27

Title:Slovesná prefixace ve světle Langackerovy kognitivní gramatiky
Translated title:Verbal prefixation in light of Langacker’s cognitive grammar
Creators:
Lehoučková, Zuzana; z dot lehouckova at seznam dot cz; Jakobiho 325, Praha 10, 109 00, Czech Republic
Uncontrolled Keywords:cognitive linguistics, prefixation, polysemy, Ronald Langacker
Subjects:P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of the Czech Language > Slovo a slovesnost
Journal or Publication Title:Slovo a slovesnost
Volume:71
Number:4
Page Range:pp. 340-350
ISSN:0037-7031
Publisher:Czech Language Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/82Publisher
ID Code:6304
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:01 Dec 2010 14:04
Last Modified:17 Feb 2012 15:47

Citation

Lehoučková, Zuzana (2010) Slovesná prefixace ve světle Langackerovy kognitivní gramatiky. Slovo a slovesnost, 71 (4). pp. 340-350. ISSN 0037-7031

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