Případ Svatá Helena. (Re)interpretace náboženských dějin české obce v Rumunsku

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Title:Případ Svatá Helena. (Re)interpretace náboženských dějin české obce v Rumunsku
Creators:
Pavlásek, Michal; M dot Pavlasek at gmail dot com; Ústav evropské etnologie FF MU, Arna Nováka 1, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic
Journal or Publication Title:
Český lid : Etnologický časopis, 97, 4, pp. 363-382
Uncontrolled Keywords:Svatá Helena (Sf. Elena), Banat, Czechs in Romania, sectarians of the era of the Patent of Toleration, revival movement, religious missions

Abstract

This study is dedicated to the interpretation of the history of the community Svatá Helena (Sf. Elena), founded in the 1820s by the colonists from the Czech Lands. The study interprets the religious history of the community throughout the nineteenth century, determined in the first place by the multiconfessional environment and popular religiosity. Such local milieu offered ideal conditions for the origin of specific forms of popular devoutness. In case of Svatá Helena, earlier research led to a thesis that presented the local non-Catholic inhabitants as bearers of the tradition of sectarianism that arose in Eastern Bohemia at the times of the Patent of Toleration (1781). This sectarian tradition was characterized by a deep individual religiosity based on the individual interpretation of the Holy Scripture as well as direct relation to the symbolic Universe without mediation of any type of Church. The present study, however, refutes this „sectarian thesis“ and proves the need to find another interpretations, based on consistent analysis of primary sources and literature. Such new interpretation rebuts the earlier generalizations and enables deeper understanding of the religious history of Svatá Helena, but also the problem of confessionally delineated popular groups in general. Besides, it discloses wider, as yet unexplored perspective of the missionary movement Free Reformed Church and the abstinence movement Blue Cross. The resulting religious disunion within the Evangelical community was caused precisely by this religious activity that was related to the revival movement within nineteenth-century Protestantism. In the conclusion of the article, the author remarks that the missionary activities of Blue Cross movement were not exclusively focused to the community Svatá Helena, but should be evaluated in the wider context of religious situation in South-Eastern Europe.

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Title:Případ Svatá Helena. (Re)interpretace náboženských dějin české obce v Rumunsku
Translated title:The case of Svatá Helena (Sf. Elena). (Re)interpretation of religious history of Czech community in Romania
Creators:
Pavlásek, Michal; M dot Pavlasek at gmail dot com; Ústav evropské etnologie FF MU, Arna Nováka 1, 602 00 Brno, Czech Republic
Uncontrolled Keywords:Svatá Helena (Sf. Elena), Banat, Czechs in Romania, sectarians of the era of the Patent of Toleration, revival movement, religious missions
Subjects:G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GR Folklore
H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GN Anthropology
D History General and Old World > DR Balkan Peninsula
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GT Manners and customs
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of Ethnology > Český lid (Ethnological journal)
Journal or Publication Title:Český lid : Etnologický časopis
Volume:97
Number:4
Page Range:pp. 363-382
ISSN:0009-0794
Publisher:Etnologický ústav AV ČR, v.v.i.
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/24UNSPECIFIED
ID Code:6472
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:28 Jan 2011 11:56
Last Modified:28 Jan 2011 11:56

Citation

Pavlásek, Michal (2010) Případ Svatá Helena. (Re)interpretace náboženských dějin české obce v Rumunsku. Český lid : Etnologický časopis, 97 (4). pp. 363-382. ISSN 0009-0794

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