Světový názor a interpretační komunita v literární vědě – několik poznámek
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|Title:||Světový názor a interpretační komunita v literární vědě – několik poznámek|
|Journal or Publication Title:|
Czech Literature, 58, 4, pp. 475-490
|Uncontrolled Keywords:||Weltanschauung, interpretation community, Weltbild|
This article outlines an approach to a literary text, which enables one, by means of the terms Weltanschauung (world view) and interpretation community, to interpret the symbol system of a work and to put it into the historical context of its period. In the first part, the author compares the definitions of Weltanschauung and Weltbild in the German philosophical tradition, in which one observes the beginning of the conceptualization of the relationship between the individual and observation of the world. The second part of the article is a comparison of the ideological interpretation of the literary text, typical of Marx-Leninism, and of the kind of interpretation that does not start from an already agreed standpoint, but seeks instead to describe the Weltanschauung structure of the concept under observation. A productive definition of ‘world view’ was offered by the Center Leo Apostel, Brussels, which institutionalized this sort of research on a broad interdisciplinary basis. The article concludes with several remarks on the means by which an author’s Weltanschauung appears to us when reading his or her work, and also on the dynamics of the Weltanschauung in connection with historical change.