Pragmatika situace

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Title:Pragmatika situace
Creators:
Kaderka, Petr; kaderka at ujc dot cas dot cz; Ústav pro jazyk český AV ČR, v. v. i., Letenská 4, Praha 1, 118 51, Czech Republic
Journal or Publication Title:
Slovo a slovesnost, 74, 1, pp. 13-41
Uncontrolled Keywords:human action, situation, communicative situation, scientific situation, intersubjectivity, semiotic multimodality, social interaction, communicative patterns, communicative genres

Abstract

This study is aimed at clarifying the notions of ‘situation’ and ‘communicative situation’, drawing upon Alfred Schütz’s theories of pragmatic and communicative aspects of the lifeworld. The concepts of ‘situation’ and ‘communicative situation’ are approached in relation to the phenomena of human action and human communication, respectively. Following Schütz, it is argued that the overall nature of ‘situation’ arises from its ‘objective’ and ‘subjective’ aspects, i.e. the spatial, temporal and socio-cultural conditions experienced by an individual and shaped by his or her unique ‘biographical situation’. This perspective is temporarily suspended in communication: private systems of relevances are superseded by intersubjective constructions or interpretations of ‘what-we-are-doing-in-and-through-communication’. The communicative situation’ is conceived of as a dynamic phenomenon and a true achievement of social actors, who permanently define and redefine, interpret and reinterpret both its overall character and its relevant elements. This theoretical framework, enriched by the concept of semiotic multimodality, is exemplified by an analysis of conversational data drawn from ethnographic research into television news production. At the end of the paper, a distinction between the typifications made by ordinary social actors and by social scientists in characterizing communicative situations is discussed.

Official URL: http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/issuedetails.aspx?issueid=3DE57953-77CD-442B-8DB5-350CB735B744&articleid=2B2EA168-2A0D-4CCE-B405-7BE5955CFA5F

Title:Pragmatika situace
Translated title:Pragmatics of situation
Creators:
Kaderka, Petr; kaderka at ujc dot cas dot cz; Ústav pro jazyk český AV ČR, v. v. i., Letenská 4, Praha 1, 118 51, Czech Republic
Uncontrolled Keywords:human action, situation, communicative situation, scientific situation, intersubjectivity, semiotic multimodality, social interaction, communicative patterns, communicative genres
Subjects:P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of the Czech Language > Slovo a slovesnost
Journal or Publication Title:Slovo a slovesnost
Volume:74
Number:1
Page Range:pp. 13-41
ISSN:0037-7031
Publisher:Czech Language Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/82Publisher
ID Code:7677
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:04 Apr 2013 17:26
Last Modified:04 Apr 2013 15:26

Citation

Kaderka, Petr (2013) Pragmatika situace. Slovo a slovesnost, 74 (1). pp. 13-41. ISSN 0037-7031

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