Sémantické škály a skalární modifikátory v češtině

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Title:Sémantické škály a skalární modifikátory v češtině
Creators:
Ocelák, Radek; radioc at seznam dot cz; ILLC, University of Amsterdam, P. O. Box 94242, Amsterdam, 1090 GE, Netherlands
Journal or Publication Title:
Slovo a slovesnost, 74, 2, pp. 110-135
Uncontrolled Keywords:scalarity, scalar modifiers, degree words, gradable adjectives, adjectival scales, vagueness, imprecision, grammaticalization

Abstract

The article aspires to provide a detailed semantic classification and description of scalar modifiers in contemporary Czech (e.g. velmi, skoro, celkem, poněkud, alespoň, přibližně). Words of this class are seen as operating on semantic scales of two basic types – continuous scales, primarily represented by gradable adjectives, and discrete scales, primarily represented by numerals. The function of scalar modifiers is to state some degree(s) of these scales as valid. As a precondition of the final description and classification, the semantics of gradable adjectives is broadly addressed with respect to the problem of semantic vagueness and pragmatic imprecision. The well-known division into the categories of relative, maximal and minimal adjectives is applied to Czech and some tests based on inferential schemes are shown. The diachronic origin of scalar modifiers is discussed on the basis of grammaticalization theory. After that, the actual semantic classification and description of Czech scalar modifiers is presented, based not on mere semantic intuition but supported by corpus co-occurence data.

Official URL: http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/issuedetails.aspx?issueid=97209EE5-097C-460A-A34E-789293828DE8&articleid=7E201D88-EC84-4A42-B4C3-57F3E9208925

Title:Sémantické škály a skalární modifikátory v češtině
Translated title:Semantic scales and scalar modifiers in Czech
Creators:
Ocelák, Radek; radioc at seznam dot cz; ILLC, University of Amsterdam, P. O. Box 94242, Amsterdam, 1090 GE, Netherlands
Uncontrolled Keywords:scalarity, scalar modifiers, degree words, gradable adjectives, adjectival scales, vagueness, imprecision, grammaticalization
Subjects:P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of the Czech Language > Slovo a slovesnost
Journal or Publication Title:Slovo a slovesnost
Volume:74
Number:2
Page Range:pp. 110-135
ISSN:0037-7031
Publisher:Czech Language Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/82Publisher
ID Code:7742
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:03 Jun 2013 13:11
Last Modified:03 Jun 2013 11:11

Citation

Ocelák, Radek (2013) Sémantické škály a skalární modifikátory v češtině. Slovo a slovesnost, 74 (2). pp. 110-135. ISSN 0037-7031

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