Ke konkurenci předpon s-, z-, vz- (nejen) ve staré a střední češtině

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Title:Ke konkurenci předpon s-, z-, vz- (nejen) ve staré a střední češtině
Creators:
Vajdlová, Miloslava; vajdlova at ujc dot cas dot cz; Ústav pro jazyk český, v. v. i., Valentinská 1, Praha 1, 116 46, Czech Republic
Journal or Publication Title:
Slovo a slovesnost, 74, 4, pp. 269-279
Uncontrolled Keywords:prefixes s-, z-, vz-, development of language, Old Czech, Middle Czech

Abstract

Many verbs in Old, Humanistic and Baroque Czech are derived using the prefixes s-, z- and vz-. These prefixes are semantically and functionally partly synonymic: they have both resulting and perfective meaning, and, moreover, they all undergo phonetic changes in connection with the consonantal beginning of verbal roots: s- → z-, z- → s-, vz- → z-, etc. As a result, many lexical units facilitate several explanations for their origin and meaning. Functionally useless verbs disappear over the course of time due to the economy of the lexical system. This occurs in several ways: 1) through the simple elimination of lexical units redundant in terms of functional use; 2) through the reduction of registered forms frequently accompanied by shifts in meaning; 3) through the diminishing of the level of Old- and Middle-Czech polylexy in favor of verbs derived using prefixes other than s-, z- and vz-; 4) through the substitution of the prefixes s-, z- and vz- with other prefixes, formally clearly distinguishable and less exploited in terms of function, meaning and frequency of use; or possibly 5) through the general re-evaluation of the meaning and comprehension of a lexical unit.

Official URL: http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/issuedetails.aspx?issueid=83B2D4B5-7911-489E-A8F0-619988CCF16E&articleid=BB8C80E9-431C-4444-A303-D04EFC34AC38

Title:Ke konkurenci předpon s-, z-, vz- (nejen) ve staré a střední češtině
Translated title:On the competition between the prefixes s-, z-, vz- (not only) in Old and Middle Czech
Creators:
Vajdlová, Miloslava; vajdlova at ujc dot cas dot cz; Ústav pro jazyk český, v. v. i., Valentinská 1, Praha 1, 116 46, Czech Republic
Uncontrolled Keywords:prefixes s-, z-, vz-, development of language, Old Czech, Middle Czech
Subjects:P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of the Czech Language > Slovo a slovesnost
Journal or Publication Title:Slovo a slovesnost
Volume:74
Number:4
Page Range:pp. 269-279
ISSN:0037-7031
Publisher:Czech Language Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/82Publisher
ID Code:7952
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:02 Dec 2013 15:05
Last Modified:02 Dec 2013 14:05

Citation

Vajdlová, Miloslava (2013) Ke konkurenci předpon s-, z-, vz- (nejen) ve staré a střední češtině. Slovo a slovesnost, 74 (4). pp. 269-279. ISSN 0037-7031

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