Parallel articulation: the phonetic base and the phonological potentiality

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Title:Parallel articulation: the phonetic base and the phonological potentiality
Creators:
Machač, Pavel; pavel dot machac at ff dot cuni dot cz; Ústav obecné lingvistiky FF UK, nám. J. Palacha 2, Praha 1, 116 38, Czech Republic
Zíková, Magdalena; magdalena dot zikova at ff dot cuni dot cz; Ústav obecné lingvistiky FF UK, nám. J. Palacha 2, Praha 1, 116 38, Czech Republic
Journal or Publication Title:
Slovo a slovesnost, 76, 1, pp. 3-21
Uncontrolled Keywords:reduced speech, reduced segments, parallel articulation, phonetic features, distinctiveness

Abstract

This paper deals with the perceptual salience and intelligibility of reduced segments, both vowels and consonants, in casual Czech. It focuses on a specific type of reduction in which two neighboring sounds (e.g. a VC sequence) are pronounced simultaneously, thereby giving rise to an alternative segment which does not occur in standard Czech phonology, e.g. a nasalized vowel. These segments constitute a category of parallel articulation as phonetic features of both of the segments are realized at the same time. We hypothesize that parallel-articulated segments, despite having originated as a consequence of purely phonetic processes, do in fact act distinctively in the context of casual speech. For this purpose, an experiment was designed in which the target segments were used in sentence pairs differing only in the parallel-articulated item, and the capability of listeners to identify the intended meaning of each sentence was tested. It showed that listeners do in fact treat the target segments as distinctive which suggests that these sounds might function as phonologically autonomous segments in the everyday communication of Czech speakers. In addition, an important role in the segment identification is also to be assigned to non-phonetic factors, such as the frequency and expectability of a particular word.

Official URL: http://www.ceeol.com/aspx/issuedetails.aspx?issueid=F8AF46D9-5A59-458C-B110-5FE37AACC928&articleid=E9A35F35-05EC-4E96-A405-54B11392EDB5

Title:Parallel articulation: the phonetic base and the phonological potentiality
Translated title:Parallel articulation: the phonetic base and the phonological potentiality
Creators:
Machač, Pavel; pavel dot machac at ff dot cuni dot cz; Ústav obecné lingvistiky FF UK, nám. J. Palacha 2, Praha 1, 116 38, Czech Republic
Zíková, Magdalena; magdalena dot zikova at ff dot cuni dot cz; Ústav obecné lingvistiky FF UK, nám. J. Palacha 2, Praha 1, 116 38, Czech Republic
Uncontrolled Keywords:reduced speech, reduced segments, parallel articulation, phonetic features, distinctiveness
Subjects:P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions:Humanities and Social Sciences > 9. Section of Humanities and Philology > Institute of the Czech Language > Slovo a slovesnost
Journal or Publication Title:Slovo a slovesnost
Volume:76
Number:1
Page Range:pp. 3-21
ISSN:0037-7031
Publisher:Czech Language Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/82Publisher
ID Code:8379
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:02 Apr 2015 14:26
Last Modified:02 Apr 2015 12:26

Citation

Machač, Pavel; Zíková, Magdalena (2015) Parallel articulation: the phonetic base and the phonological potentiality. Slovo a slovesnost, 76 (1). pp. 3-21. ISSN 0037-7031

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