Water table effects on measured and simulated fluxes in weighing lysimeters for differently-textured soils

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Title:Water table effects on measured and simulated fluxes in weighing lysimeters for differently-textured soils
Creators:
Wegehenkel, Martin; mwegehenkel at zalf dot de; Institute of Landscape Systems Analysis, Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF) Müncheberg, Eberswalder Strasse 84, D-15374 Müncheberg, Germany
Gerke, Horst H.; hgerke at zalf dot de; Institute of Soil Landscape Research, Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF) Müncheberg, Germany. Tel.: +49 33432 / 82229. Fax: +49 33432 / 82280
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 63, 1, pp. 82-92
Uncontrolled Keywords:weighable lysimeters, modelling, Hydrus-1D, drainage, boundary condition

Abstract

Weighing lysimeters can be used for studying the soil water balance and to analyse evapotranspiration (ET). However, not clear was the impact of the bottom boundary condition on lysimeter results and soil water movement. The objective was to analyse bottom boundary effects on the soil water balance. This analysis was carried out for lysimeters filled with fine- and coarse-textured soil monoliths by comparing simulated and measured data for lysimeters with a higher and a lower water table. The eight weighable lysimeters had a 1 m2 grass-covered surface and a depth of 1.5 m. The lysimeters contained four intact monoliths extracted from a sandy soil and four from a soil with a silty-clay texture. For two lysimeters of each soil, constant water tables were imposed at 135 cm and 210 cm depths. Evapotranspiration, change in soil water storage, and groundwater recharge were simulated for a 3-year period (1996 to 1998) using the Hydrus-1D software. Input data consisted of measured weather data and crop model-based simulated evaporation and transpiration. Snow cover and heat transport were simulated based on measured soil temperatures. Soil hydraulic parameter sets were estimated (i) from soil core data and (ii) based on texture data using ROSETTA pedotransfer approach. Simulated and measured outflow rates from the sandy soil matched for both parameter sets. For the sand lysimeters with the higher water table, only fast peak flow events observed on May 4, 1996 were not simulated adequately mainly because of differences between simulated and measured soil water storage caused by ET-induced soil water storage depletion. For the silty-clay soil, the simulations using the soil hydraulic parameters from retention data (i) were matching the lysimeter data except for the observed peak flows on May, 4, 1996, which here probably resulted from preferential flow. The higher water table at the lysimeter bottom resulted in higher drainage in comparison with the lysimeters with the lower water table. This increase was smaller for the finer-textured soil as compared to the coarser soil.

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Title:Water table effects on measured and simulated fluxes in weighing lysimeters for differently-textured soils
Translated title:Water table effects on measured and simulated fluxes in weighing lysimeters for differently-textured soils
Creators:
Wegehenkel, Martin; mwegehenkel at zalf dot de; Institute of Landscape Systems Analysis, Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF) Müncheberg, Eberswalder Strasse 84, D-15374 Müncheberg, Germany
Gerke, Horst H.; hgerke at zalf dot de; Institute of Soil Landscape Research, Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF) Müncheberg, Germany. Tel.: +49 33432 / 82229. Fax: +49 33432 / 82280
Uncontrolled Keywords:weighable lysimeters, modelling, Hydrus-1D, drainage, boundary condition
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions:Mathematics, Physics and Earth Sciences > Institute of Hydrodynamics > Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics
Volume:63
Number:1
Page Range:pp. 82-92
ISSN:0042-790X
Publisher:Institute of Hydrology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Hydrodynamics of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/55Publisher
ID Code:8414
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:13 May 2015 19:23
Last Modified:13 May 2015 17:23

Citation

Wegehenkel, Martin; Gerke, Horst H. (2015) Water table effects on measured and simulated fluxes in weighing lysimeters for differently-textured soils. Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 63 (1). pp. 82-92. ISSN 0042-790X

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