Occurrence and spatial pattern of water repellency in a beech forest subsoil

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Title:Occurrence and spatial pattern of water repellency in a beech forest subsoil
Creators:
Bachmann, Jörg; bachmann at ifbk dot uni-hannover dot de; Leibniz Universität Hannover, Institute of Soil Science, Herrenhäuser Str. 2, 30419 Hannover, Germany.
Krueger, Jiem; Leibniz Universität Hannover, Institute of Soil Science, Herrenhäuser Str. 2, 30419 Hannover, Germany.
Goebel, Marc-O.; Leibniz Universität Hannover, Institute of Soil Science, Herrenhäuser Str. 2, 30419 Hannover, Germany.
Heinze , Stefanie ; Geographisches Institut, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstraße 150, 44780 Bochum, Germany.
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 64, 2, pp. 100-110
Uncontrolled Keywords:beech forest, soil organic carbon, snow cover, subsoil, water repellency

Abstract

Most recent studies on soil water repellency (WR) were limited to the humous topsoil or to shallow subsoil layers slightly below the main root zone to approximately 0.5 m depth. Hence, the main objective of the present study was to investigate the wettability pattern of a forest soil including the deeper subsoil. The selected site was a 100 years old beech forest on a well-drained sandy Cambisol in northern Germany which showed moderate to partly extended acidification. Results obtained from three sampling transects (3 m length, 2 m depth; sampling grid 8 × 8 samples per transect; minimum distance of sampling locations to nearest tree about 0.5 m) show that contact angles (CA) were always in the subcritical WR range (0° < CA < 90°). Significant impact of the tree distance on WR was not observed for any of the transects. A prominent feature of two transects was the minimum WR level (CA < 10°) for samples with soil organic carbon (SOC) contents around 0.25–0.4%. For the topsoils it was observed that CA increased with SOC content from that minimum to a maximum CA of 60–75° for transects 1 and 2 with mean pH values < 3.5. For transect 3 with slightly higher average pH close to 4.0, average CA of samples were always < 10° and showed no trend to increase with increasing SOC content or other soil parameters like N content or C/N ratio. Subsoil samples, however, behave differently with respect to SOC: for these samples, generally low in SOC, the CA increase with decreasing SOC occurred at all transects for approximately 50% of the samples but did not show any clear tendencies with respect to further parameters like texture, pH or N content. We conclude that the SOC content is the most prominent parameter determining wettability, either positively correlated with WR for topsoils or negatively correlated for subsoil samples very low in SOC. We finally conclude for moderately acid beech forest stands that emerging WR starts in the A horizon after reaching a pH lower than 3.5, whereas subsoil WR might appear already at higher pH values. Even SOC contents of ∼0.01–0.02% turned out to be very effective in increasing the CA up to 70°, which points out clearly the importance of small amounts of soil organic matter in affecting subsoil wettability. With respect to site hydrology we conclude that ongoing acidification as well as predicted higher frequencies of extended droughts due to climate change will promote the occurrence of WR with corresponding implications for site and catchment hydrology.

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Title:Occurrence and spatial pattern of water repellency in a beech forest subsoil
Translated title:Occurrence and spatial pattern of water repellency in a beech forest subsoil
Creators:
Bachmann, Jörg; bachmann at ifbk dot uni-hannover dot de; Leibniz Universität Hannover, Institute of Soil Science, Herrenhäuser Str. 2, 30419 Hannover, Germany.
Krueger, Jiem; Leibniz Universität Hannover, Institute of Soil Science, Herrenhäuser Str. 2, 30419 Hannover, Germany.
Goebel, Marc-O.; Leibniz Universität Hannover, Institute of Soil Science, Herrenhäuser Str. 2, 30419 Hannover, Germany.
Heinze , Stefanie ; Geographisches Institut, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universitätsstraße 150, 44780 Bochum, Germany.
Uncontrolled Keywords:beech forest, soil organic carbon, snow cover, subsoil, water repellency
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions:Mathematics, Physics and Earth Sciences > Institute of Hydrodynamics > Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics
Volume:64
Number:2
Page Range:pp. 100-110
ISSN:0042-790X
Publisher:Institute of Hydrology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Hydrodynamics of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/55Publisher
ID Code:8643
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:28 Jun 2016 14:05
Last Modified:28 Jun 2016 12:05

Citation

Bachmann, Jörg; Krueger, Jiem; Goebel, Marc-O.; Heinze , Stefanie (2016) Occurrence and spatial pattern of water repellency in a beech forest subsoil. Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 64 (2). pp. 100-110. ISSN 0042-790X

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