Droplet infiltration dynamics and soil wettability related to soil organic matter of soil aggregate coatings and interiors

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Title:Droplet infiltration dynamics and soil wettability related to soil organic matter of soil aggregate coatings and interiors
Creators:
Fér, Miroslav; mfer at af dot czu dot cz; Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Dept. of Soil Science and Soil Protection, Kamýcká 129, CZ-16521 Prague 6, Czech Republic.
Leue, Martin; Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Institute of Soil Landscape Research, Eberswalder Straße 84, Müncheberg, 15374, Germany.
Kodešová, Radka; Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Dept. of Soil Science and Soil Protection, Kamýcká 129, CZ-16521 Prague 6, Czech Republic.
Gerke, Horst H.; Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Institute of Soil Landscape Research, Eberswalder Straße 84, Müncheberg, 15374, Germany.
Ellerbrock, Ruth H.; Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Institute of Soil Landscape Research, Eberswalder Straße 84, Müncheberg, 15374, Germany.
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 64, 2, pp. 111-120
Uncontrolled Keywords:aggregates, clay and organiv matter coatings, WDPT, contact angle, DRIFT spectroscopy

Abstract

The organo-mineral coatings of soil aggregates, cracks, and biopores control sorption and macropore-matrix exchange during preferential flow, in particular in the clay-illuvial Bt-horizon of Luvisols. The soil organic matter (SOM) composition has been hypothesized to explain temporal changes in the hydraulic properties of aggregate surfaces. The objective of this research was to find relations between the temporal change in wettability, in terms of droplet infiltration dynamics, and the SOM composition of coated and uncoated aggregate surfaces. We used 20 to 40 mm sized soil aggregates from the Bt2 horizon of a Haplic Luvisol from loess that were (i) coated, (ii) not coated (both intact), and (iii) aggregates from which coatings were removed (cut). The SOM composition of the aggregate surfaces was characterized by infrared spectroscopy in the diffuse reflection mode (DRIFT). A potential wettability index (PWI) was calculated from the ratio of hydrophobic and hydrophilic functional groups in SOM. The water drop penetration times (WDPT) and contact angles (CA) during droplet infiltration experiments were determined on dry and moist aggregate samples of the three types. The decrease in the CA with time was described using the power function (CA(t) = at–b). For dry aggregates, the WDPT values were larger for coated as compared to uncoated regions on the aggregate surfaces, and increased with increasing PWI value (R2 = 0.75). The a parameter was significantly related to the WDPT (R2 = 0.84) and to the PWI (R2 = 0.64). The relations between the b parameter and the WDPT (R2 = 0.61) and the PWI (R2 = 0.53) were also significant. The WDPT values of wet soil aggregates were higher than those of dry aggregates due to high water contents, which limited the droplet infiltration potential. At the wet aggregate surfaces, the WDPT values increased with the PWI of the SOM (R2 = 0.64). In contrast to dry samples, no significant relationships were found between parameters a or b of CA(t) and WDPT or PWI for wet aggregate surfaces. The results suggest that the effect of the SOM composition of coatings on surface wettability decreases with increasing soil moisture. In addition to the dominant impact of SOM, the wettability of aggregate surfaces could be affected by different mineralogical compositions of clay in coatings and interiors of aggregates. Particularly, wettability of coatings could be decreased by illite which was the dominant clay type in coatings. However, the influence of different clay mineral fractions on surface wettability was not due to small number of measurements (2 and 1 samples from coatings and interiors, respectively) quantified.

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Title:Droplet infiltration dynamics and soil wettability related to soil organic matter of soil aggregate coatings and interiors
Translated title:Droplet infiltration dynamics and soil wettability related to soil organic matter of soil aggregate coatings and interiors
Creators:
Fér, Miroslav; mfer at af dot czu dot cz; Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Dept. of Soil Science and Soil Protection, Kamýcká 129, CZ-16521 Prague 6, Czech Republic.
Leue, Martin; Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Institute of Soil Landscape Research, Eberswalder Straße 84, Müncheberg, 15374, Germany.
Kodešová, Radka; Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Agrobiology, Food and Natural Resources, Dept. of Soil Science and Soil Protection, Kamýcká 129, CZ-16521 Prague 6, Czech Republic.
Gerke, Horst H.; Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Institute of Soil Landscape Research, Eberswalder Straße 84, Müncheberg, 15374, Germany.
Ellerbrock, Ruth H.; Leibniz-Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF), Institute of Soil Landscape Research, Eberswalder Straße 84, Müncheberg, 15374, Germany.
Uncontrolled Keywords:aggregates, clay and organiv matter coatings, WDPT, contact angle, DRIFT spectroscopy
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Divisions:Mathematics, Physics and Earth Sciences > Institute of Hydrodynamics > Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics
Journal or Publication Title:Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics
Volume:64
Number:2
Page Range:pp. 111-120
ISSN:0042-790X
Publisher:Institute of Hydrology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Hydrodynamics of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic
Related URLs:
URLURL Type
http://avi.lib.cas.cz/node/55Publisher
ID Code:8644
Item Type:Article
Deposited On:28 Jun 2016 14:05
Last Modified:28 Jun 2016 12:05

Citation

Fér, Miroslav; Leue, Martin; Kodešová, Radka; Gerke, Horst H.; Ellerbrock, Ruth H. (2016) Droplet infiltration dynamics and soil wettability related to soil organic matter of soil aggregate coatings and interiors. Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanics, 64 (2). pp. 111-120. ISSN 0042-790X

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